The evolving role of HR in agile organisations: enabling the business change

Posted by Audra Proctor

Evolving Role of HR

As organisations move towards a more agile mindset and operating model, the role of supporting functions, such as Human Resources and Finance, also need to adapt to the new way of working. 

Moving towards agile is a fundamental business change, and without proper thought supporting functions can easily find themselves being blockers rather than enablers of the change.

Long time seen as the champion of people and enabling the organisation to do what it does best, Human Resources (HR) is at risk of being outdated in its approach to development, recruitment, and training.

A new role for HR in the agile organisation

Richard A. Shafer, Associate Dean and Executive Director of the Center for Leadership in Dynamic Organisations at the Johnson Graduate School of Management at Cornell University, challenged traditional HR organizations and structures in HR Magazine (Vol. 44, No. 11).

“This move toward agility will create a new role for the HR function,” he wrote. “In many organisations, existing HR systems are major impediments to creating agile work forces. For the most part, HR systems are designed to reduce variability and to standardise behavior, not to promote flexibility and adaptive behavior.”

He predicted that HR organisations will become smaller:

“Hiring criteria and processes will be altered to reflect agile attributes…Job descriptions will be eliminated and compensation systems redesigned to pay relatively more for enterprise-wide results and relatively less for individual outcomes.”

HR’s role in creating and supporting an agile organisation

To continue to add value in the changing organisation, HR needs to look at the role that they, their systems and their processes, play in the agile organisation.

We spoke about how legacy systems can impede change in an agile-focused organisation.  The same holds true for HR systems. 

Gone are the days of piecemeal HR systems, held together by locally created Excel sheets.  Not only does HR need a system that provides an enterprise view of their people (skills, training, salary, location, performance), but that system needs to be able to integrate with other enterprise systems.

Being able to call upon, and analyze, data across the enterprise assists in workforce planning and organisational performance and provides a solid baseline for business transformations.  Whether hosted in-house or as a managed service, HR systems need to be adaptable and support the evolving needs of the organization. 


One of the key roles of HR in an organisation moving towards agility is to help managers design functions and processes that remove barriers and enable decision-making to be pushed down.  Local empowerment, within the right framework, supports a fast-changing organisation, bringing the agility needed to meet market demands.

The second key role of HR is to hire and nurture a resilient workforce.  Resilience helps people, teams and organisations adapt to and thrive during times of change.  Creating agility in an organisation requires resilience coupled with regular, results-based performance feedback to enable the development and growth of the workforce.

Identifying the skills & abilities for HR Professionals in the new world 

To support the business change to agile, HR needs to focus on their ability to provide the following to the organisation:

  1. Focus on providing skills and resources so people can help themselves, rather than doing it for them. Enable people in the organisation to act quickly, and ensure processes and systems enable the HR team to also move faster.  Hiring, training, communications and performance need to be done at a pace that meets organisational needs.

An agile organisation requires expert change capabilities embedded across the organisation.  HR needs to be aligned with the organisation in such a way that they can provide that expertise to teams and projects. 

During change, change leaders are calling out for more expertise in ‘coaching for the change’, ‘influencing others’ and ‘building active sponsorship’.  For an organisational transformation, an HR Business Partner might be the change management expert.  For operational projects and changes, HR should be training and coaching relevant individuals to develop the change management skills needed.

  1. Removing location barriers. Support collaboration by removing barriers across functions and geographies allowing the organization to solve a problem or approach a new opportunity collaboratively.

 HR needs to be able to engage more broadly in the planning process and support a holistic, end-to-end, view of the organisation when planning change.  HR also has a strong role to play in removing the "them and us" between the centre/head office and local recipients of the change. 

Remember that successful change is driven both by the top and cascaded down through to local leadership.  HR needs to enable this, ensuring that these local networks can be built and encouraged to participate in leading the change; ensuring that practical skills and resources are readily available in far-flung places.

  1. Encourage intelligent risk-taking and open discussion using relevant data providing data on people issues. This links back to our comment about having enterprise HR systems that can integrate across the organisation. 

Being able to easily access and analyze that data, and help the organisation interpret the results.  Perhaps not a traditional HR competency, but one which will become more and more important as organisations increasingly rely on data for decision-making.

  1. Assist and coach leaders to communicate the vision and cascade, not only the vision but the accountability for change through to middle and front-line management.  An agile organisation needs all of its parts in sync.  Enabling empowerment from the centre to local leaders allows the organisation to act rapidly, and successfully, in times of change.

The rewards for the HR specialist who can build and facilitate this work environment are immense.  Directly impacting the organisation's bottom line and the overall strategic vision, an impact valued on par with people who manage line functions.

HR has a direct role to play in creating and supporting an agile organization.  Removing barriers to agility, and recruiting for and nurturing resilience plus change leadership capabilities will be key for this business change. 

Download our white paper, Are You a Great Change Manager, to find out more.

Download it 

If your organization is looking to close the skills gap and remove the barriers to supporting an agile organisation, you may be interested in Roadmap Pro, our change management toolkit. It makes it quicker and easier for people to ‘learn-while-doing’ and rapidly builds your organisation's agility to deliver change in a cost-effective way.

Find out more about Roadmap Pro

Tags: change management, Agile, Change Management methodology, change management capability, change leaders, agile leaders

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